For the last several hundred years the fields of behavior, psychology, and psychiatry had little choice but to rely on descriptions of events – behaviors – when making a diagnosis. The brain has been seen as a “black box” – a mystery of subtle activities. Anatomists of the middle ages threw out the brain – because it didn’t seem to do anything – although its location might have been a clue that something was going on in there. Indeed, there is much going on in there! Major shifts are occurring not only in the views of behavior disorders but also in their treatments.
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